rescue救援模式修复redhat linux文件系统



Red Hat Enterprise Linux 8 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 EXT and XFS file system Rescue Environment


How to repair a filesystem in the rescue environment for Red Hat Enterprise Linux A system will not load after boot, and it requests a repair of an OS-dependent filesystem, i.e., typically either root or /var. The / (root) filesystem is going into read-only mode. How to repair the root or /var file system (either EXT or XFS)


Boot the system from the binary DVD or boot disc1 of the same major release as the system. If possible, download the latest minor release available from the Downloads page at For example, it would be better to use RHEL 8.4 as opposed to RHEL 8.0 because the former will likely contain more updates/fixes than the previous minor release.

Once the system has successfully booted from the ISO image and Red Hat Enterprise Linux boot screen will appear.

  • For RHEL 5: Type: linux rescue without the quotes, and hit enter at the prompt. Then go to Step 2.
[F1-Main] [F2-Options] [F3-General] [F4-Kernel] [F5-Rescue]   boot: linux rescue
  • For RHEL6: select Rescue installed system. Then go to Step 2.
Install or upgrade an existing system Install system with basic cideo driver Rescue installed system                            <--- Select Boot from local drive Memory test
  • For RHEL7 and 8: select Troubleshooting, then Rescue a Red Hat Enterprise Linux system. Then go to Step 4. Below example is for RHEL 7 but applicable to RHEL8 as well
Install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 Test this media & install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 Troubleshooting                                    <--- Select  Install Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.0 in basic graphics mod Rescue a Red Hat Enterprise Linux system          <--- Select Run a memory test Boot from local drive Return to main menu
  1. When prompted for language, and keyboard, provide the pertinent information for the system.
  2. When prompted to enable the network devices on the system, select: No
  3. Select: Skip when prompted.
  4. If using Software RAID, Initialize the RAID array first.

If using Software RAID, Initialize the RAID array first.

sh-4.2# mdadm --assemble --scan

If using LVM, activate the volumes in order to scan them.

sh-4.2# lvm vgchange -ay   1 logical volume(s) in volume group "VolGroup00" now active

Execute the check on the device which contains the filesystem.

  • For EXT filesystem
sh-4.2# e2fsck -fvy /dev/mapper/<vg>-<lv> or  sh-4.2# e2fsck -fvy /dev/<sd device> or sh-4.2# e2fsck -fvy /dev/<md device>	
  • For XFS filesystem
sh-4.2# xfs_repair /dev/mapper/<vg>-<lv> or sh-4.2# xfs_repair /dev/<sd device> or sh-4.2# xfs_repair /dev/<md device>

NOTE: You may have to recreate the log if xfs_repair will not run. This can be done by running xfs_repair -L.
NOTE: Please make sure you have a known, good backup of the data present on the impacted filesystem before attempting a repair.

8、Exit the rescue environment and boot the system normally.

sh-4.2# exit

Root Cause

  • Filesystems can become corrupted for a variety of reasons, the most notable of which are:
    • Connection failure(s) during write
    • Bad hardware(intermittent hardware failure)
    • Bad cables/fabric
    • Power loss
    • Faulty network connections
    • Flapping on nic
    • Software/firmware bugs
    • Incorrect file system resize operations, such as logical volume resizing


作者: freeclashnode


来源: FreeClashNode